THE IMPACT OF OUTPUT STRUCTURE AND NOMINAL CONVERGENCE ON REAL CONVERGENCE: THE CASE OF BULGARIA

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Ph. D. Ivan Todorov
Ph. D. Elena Stavrova

Resumen

The goal of this paper is to analyze the influence of output structure similarity and nominal
convergence on real convergence between Bulgaria and the Euro area. The objective of the research
is achieved by applying an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach on quarterly seasonally
adjusted Eurostat data for the period 2003-2020. The empirical results indicate the existence of a
long-run equilibrium relationship between real convergence, nominal convergence and output
structure. The catch-up process of Bulgaria with the Euro area is affected by the differences in
household consumption (in the short term) and government debt (both in the short run and in the
long-term) between the two entities. Since the economic parameters in the Euro area are beyond the
reach of Bulgaria’s macroeconomic management, Bulgarian policymakers can encourage real
convergence of Bulgaria to the Euro area by increasing the share of government debt in GDP and by
stimulating Bulgarian households to decrease the share of their consumption in GDP

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